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انواع البنفسج العطري Viola
البنفسج العطري
الاسم العلمي
Viola
يعرف بالفرنسي
violetas
جنس نباتي ينتج ازهارا بنفسجية او بيضاء
اللون ويوجد منها من 400 الى 500
نوع مختلف حول العالم توجد معظم
انواعها في نصف الكرة الارضية الشمالي
وتنتشر بشكل خاص في هاواي
استراليا وفي الانديز في امريكا الجنوبية
والبنفسج نبات عشبي معمر لا يعرف
موطنه الحقيقي ولكنه نشا في اوروبا واسيا
وافريقيا  واوراق البنفسج قلبية
الشكل وازهاره بنفسجية اللون ذات رائحة
عطرية  وقد تكون احيانا حمراء
وردية او بيضاء ومنها الازهار المفردة
والمزدوجة  ويبلغ طول الاعناق 90 سم
وينتج النبات الجيد سنويا بمعدل 125 زهرة
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من انواعه
البنفسج الابيض
باللاتينية
Viola alba
البنفسج الاصفر
باللاتينية
Viola lutea
البنفسج الاهواري
باللاتينية
Viola palustris
البنفسج البري
باللاتينية
Viola ambigua
البنفسج الثلاثي اللون
باللاتينية
Viola tricolor
البنفسج الحرجي
باللاتينية
Viola reichenbachiana
البنفسج الحقلي
باللاتينية
Viola arvensis
البنفسج ذو الزهرتين
باللاتينية
Viola biflora
البنفسج الشجري
باللاتينية
Viola arborescens
البنفسج العطري
باللاتينية
Viola odorata
البنفسج اللبناني
باللاتينية
Viola libanotica
البنفسج المقرن
باللاتينية
Viola cornuta
البنفسج الموصلي
باللاتينية
Viola pachyrrhiza

الانواع الاخرى بالاسم العلمي
Viola abyssinica
Viola acanthophylla
Viola accrescens
Viola acuminata
Viola adenothrix
Viola adriatica
Viola adunca
Viola aetnensis
Viola aetolica
Viola affinis
Viola agellae
Viola aizoon
Viola alaica
Viola alba
Viola alexandrowiana
Viola alexejana
Viola allchariensis
Viola alliariaefolia
Viola allochroa
Viola alpina
Viola altaica
Viola amamiana
Viola ambigua
Viola amurica
Viola anagae Gilli
Viola angustifolia
Viola angustipulata
Viola appalachiensis
Viola araucaniae
Viola arborescens
Viola argenteria
Viola argentina
Viola arguta
Viola arsenica
Viola arvensis
Viola asterias
Viola athois
Viola atropurpurea
Viola aurantiaca
Viola aurata
Viola aurea
Viola auricolor
Viola auricula
Viola avatschensis
Viola awagatakensis
Viola bakeri
Viola bambusetorum
Viola bangiana
Viola bangii
Viola banksii
Viola barroetana
Viola battandieri
Viola beamani
Viola beckiana
Viola beckwithii
Viola bernardii
Viola bertolonii
Viola betonicifolia
Viola bezdelevae
Viola bhutanica
Viola bicolor
Viola biflora
Viola binayensis
Viola bissellii
Viola bissetii
Viola blanda
Viola blandaeformis
Viola bocquetiana
Viola boissieuana
Viola bornmuelleri
Viola brachyceras
Viola brachypetala
Viola brachyphylla
Viola brevistipulata
Viola brevistipulata
Viola bridgesii
Viola brittoniana
Viola bubanii
Viola buchtienii
Viola bulbosa
Viola bustillosia
Viola calaminaria
Viola calcarata
Viola calchaquiensis
Viola calderensis
Viola caleyana
Viola californica
Viola cameleo
Viola canadensis
Viola canescens
Viola canina
Viola canobarbata
Viola capillaris
Viola castillonii
Viola catalonica
Viola caucasica
Viola cazorlensis
Viola cenisia
Viola cerasifolia
Viola chaerophylloides
Viola chamaedrys
Viola chamissoniana
Viola charlestonensis
Viola charlestownensis
Viola chassanica
Viola cheiranthifolia
Viola chelmea
Viola chiapasiensis
Viola chrysantha
Viola ciliata
Viola cinerea
Viola clauseniana
Viola cleistogamoides
Viola cochranei
Viola collina
Viola columnaris
Viola commersonii
Viola commutata
Viola comollia
Viola concordifolia
Viola confertifolia
Viola confusa
Viola conjugens
Viola consobrina
Viola conspersa
Viola contempta
Viola cordifolia
Viola cornuta
Viola coronifera
Viola corralensis
Viola corsica
Viola cotyledon
Viola crassa
Viola crassicalcarata
Viola crassifolia
Viola crassiuscula
Viola cretacea
Viola cretica
Viola cuatrecasasii
Viola cucullata
Viola cuicochensis
Viola cummingii
Viola cuneata
Viola cunninghamii
Viola curicoensis
Viola curvistylis
Viola cuspidifolia
Viola cyathiformis
Viola dacica
Viola dactyloides
Viola dasyphylla
Viola davidii
Viola decipiens
Viola declinata
Viola decumbens
Viola delavayi
Viola delphinantha
Viola demetria
Viola diamantiaca
Viola dichroa
Viola diffusa
Viola diffusoides
Viola dimorphophyllaY
Viola dirimliensisBlaxland
Viola dirphya
Viola disjuncta
Viola dissecta
Viola diversifolia
Viola doerfleri
Viola doii
Viola dolichocentra
Viola dolichoceras
Viola dombeyana
Viola domeikoana
Viola domingensis
Viola donetzkiensis
Viola douglasii
Viola dubyana
Viola dukadjinica
Viola dyris
Viola eamesii
Viola ecuadorensis
Viola eizanensis
Viola elatior
Viola elegantula
Viola elisabethae
Viola emeiensis
Viola eminii
Viola epipsila
Viola epipsiloides
Viola ermenekensisYild
Viola etrusca
Viola eugeniae
Viola evae
Viola exigua
Viola eximia
Viola fargesii
Viola faurieana
Viola feldtschenkoana
Viola filicaulis
Viola filicetorum
Viola fimbriatula
Viola fischeri
Viola fissifolia
Viola flagelliformis
Viola flettii
Viola florairiensis
Viola flos
Viola fluehmannii
Viola formosana
Viola forrestiana
Viola fragrans
Viola frank-smithii
Viola friderici
Viola frigida
Viola frondosa
Viola fruticosa
Viola fuscifolia
Viola fuscoviolacea
Viola germaninii
Viola glabella
Viola glacialis
Viola glandularis
Viola glandulifera
Viola glausescens
Viola glechomoides
Viola gmeliniana
Viola godoyae
Viola gracilis
Viola gracillima
Viola graeca
Viola grahami
Viola grandisepala
Viola granulosa
Viola grayi
Viola greenmani
Viola grisebachiana
Viola grisebachiana
Viola grypoceras
Viola guadalupensis
Viola guatemalensis
Viola guineensis
Viola hallii
Viola hamiltoniana
Viola hancockii
Viola hastata
Viola hederacea
Viola hediniana
Viola heldreichiana
Viola helena
Viola helenae
Viola hemsleyana
Viola henryi
Viola hieronymi
Viola hillii
Viola himalayensis
Viola hirsutula
Viola hirta
Viola hirtipes
Viola hispida
Viola hissarica
Viola hollickii
Viola hondoensis
Viola hookeri
Viola hookeriana
Viola hosakae
Viola hossei
Viola howellii
Viola huesoensis
Viola huidobrii
Viola hultenii
Viola humilis
Viola hunanensis
Viola hymettia
Viola ibukiana
Viola ignobilis
Viola improcera
Viola incisa
Viola inconspicua
Viola indica
Viola ircutiana
Viola irinae
Viola isaurica
Viola ishidoyana
Viola isopetala
Viola iwagawai
Viola jagellonica
Viola jalapaensis
Viola jangiensis
Viola japonica
Viola jaubertiana
Viola javanica
Viola joergensenii
Viola johnstonii
Viola jooi
Viola jordanii
Viola kalbreyeri
Viola kamibayashii
Viola kapsanensis
Viola kashmiriana
Viola kauaensis
Viola keiskei
Viola kermesina
Viola kiangsiensis
Viola kitaibeliana
Viola kitamiana
Viola kizildaghensis
Viola kjellbergii
Viola koraiensis
Viola kosaninii
Viola kunawarensis
Viola kupcokiana
Viola kupfferi
Viola kusanoana
Viola kusnezowiana
Viola labradorica
Viola lactea
Viola lactiflora
Viola lanaiensis
Viola lanceifolia
Viola lanceolata
Viola langeana
Viola langsdorfii
Viola lanifera
Viola latistipulata
Viola lavrenkoana
Viola lehmannii
Viola leyboldiana
Viola lianhuashanensis
Viola libanotica
Viola lilloana
Viola linifolia
Viola lithion
Viola littoralis
Viola llullaillacoensis
Viola lobata
Viola lovelliana
Viola lucens
Viola luciae
Viola lutea
Viola lyallii
Viola macloskeyi
Viola macroceras
Viola maculata
Viola magellanica
Viola magellensis
Viola magnifica
Viola maichurensis
Viola makranica
Viola malteana
Viola mandonii
Viola mandschurica
Viola maroccana
Viola mauritii
Viola maviensis
Viola maximowicziana
Viola maymanica
Viola mearnsii
Viola membranacea
Viola mercurii
Viola merrilliana
Viola meyeriana
Viola micranthella
Viola microceras
Viola microdonta
Viola minor
Viola minuta
Viola minutiflora
Viola mirabilis
Viola mistura
Viola modesta
Viola modesta
Viola mollicula
Viola monbeigii
Viola mongolica
Viola montagnei
Viola montcaunica
Viola moupinensis
Viola mucronulifera
Viola muehldorfii
Viola mulfordiae
Viola muliensisen
Viola multistolonifera
Viola munbyana
Viola munozensis
Viola muscoides
Viola nagasawai
Viola nannae
Viola nannei Polak
Viola nassauvioides
Viola nebrodensis
Viola nemausensis
Viola nemoralis
Viola nephrophylla
Viola niederleinii
Viola nivalis
Viola notabilis
Viola nubigena
Viola nuda
Viola nuevo
Viola nummulariifolia
Viola nuttallii
Viola oahuensis
Viola obliqua
Viola obliquifolia
Viola obtusa
Viola occulta
Viola ocellata
Viola odontocalycina
Viola odorata
Viola oligoceps
Viola oligyrtia
Viola orbelica
Viola orbiculata
Viola oreades
Viola orientalis
Viola orphanidis
Viola orthoceras
Viola ovalleana.
Viola ovato
Viola oxyodontis
Viola pachyrrhiza
Viola pacifica
Viola painteri
Viola pallascaensis
Viola palmata
Viola palustris
Viola papuana
Viola paradoxa
Viola paravaginata
Viola parnonia
Viola parvula
Viola pascua
Viola patrinii
Viola pedata
Viola pedatifida
Viola pedunculata
Viola pekinensis
Viola pendulicarpa
Viola pentadactyla
Viola perinensis
Viola perpensa
Viola persicifolia
Viola phalacrocarpa
Viola philippica
Viola philippii
Viola pilosa
Viola pinetorum
Viola pinnata
Viola placida
Viola plantaginea
Viola poetica
Viola pogonantha
Viola polycephala
Viola polymorpha
Viola polypoda
Viola popetae
Viola populifolia
Viola portalesia
Viola porterana
Viola portulacea
Viola praemorsa
Viola primulifolia
Viola principis
Viola prionantha
Viola pseudo
Viola psychodes
Viola pubescens
Viola pulvinata
Viola pumila
Viola pumilio
Viola purpurea
Viola purpurea
Viola pusillima
Viola pygmaea
Viola pyrenaica
Viola raddeana
Viola raunsiensis
Viola reichei
Viola reichenbachiana
Viola reichii
Viola renifolia
Viola replicata
Viola reptans
Viola rheophila
Viola rhodopeia
Viola riviniana
Viola robusta
Viola rockiana
Viola rodriguezii
Viola roigii
Viola rossii
Viola rostrata
Viola rotundifolia
Viola rubella
Viola rupestris
Viola saccata
Viola sacchalinensis
Viola sacculus
Viola sagittata
Viola savatieri
Viola saxifraga
Viola scandens
Viola schachimardanica
Viola schensiensis
Viola schneideri
Viola schulzeana
Viola scorpiuroides
Viola selkirkii
Viola sempervirens
Viola sempervivum
Viola senzanensis
Viola seoulensis
Viola septemloba
Viola septentrionalis
Viola serrula
Viola sheltonii
Viola shikokiana
Viola shinchikuensis
Viola shletonii
Viola sieberiana
Viola sieboldi
Viola sieheana
Viola sikkimensis
Viola silicestris
Viola sororia
Viola spathulata
Viola spegazzinii
Viola sphaerocarpa
Viola splendida
Viola stagnina
Viola steinbachii
Viola stewardiana
Viola stipularis
Viola stojanowii
Viola stoloniflora
Viola striata
Viola suavis
Viola subandina
Viola subatlantica
Viola subdimidiata
Viola sublanceolata
Viola subsinuata
Viola szetschwanensis
Viola taishanensis
Viola taltalensis
Viola tanaitica
Viola tarbagataica
Viola tashiroi
Viola tectiflora
Viola tenuicornis
Viola tenuissima
Viola teplouchovii
Viola thomsonii
Viola thorii
Viola tineorum
Viola tokubuchiana
Viola tomentosa
Viola tracheliifolia
Viola triangulifolia
Viola trichopetala
Viola tricolor
Viola triflabellata
Viola trinervata
Viola tripartita Elliott
Viola tsugitakaensis
Viola tuberifera
Viola tucumanensis
Viola turkestanica
Viola ucriana
Viola uliginosa
Viola umbraticola
Viola uniflora
Viola urophylla
Viola ursina
Viola utahensis
Viola vaginata
Viola valderia
Viola vallicola
Viola variegata
Viola verecunda
Viola verecunda
Viola verticillata
Viola vespertina
Viola viarum
Viola villosa
Viola violacea
Viola volcanica
Viola wailenalenae
Viola wallichiana
Viola walteri
Viola weberbaueri
Viola websteri
Viola weddellii
Viola weibelii
Viola weixiensis
Viola wiesbaurii
Viola willkommii
Viola yamatsutae
Viola yezoensis
Viola yubariana
Viola yunnanensis
Viola yunnanfuensis

فوائد وزراعة البنفسج



 
الفئة: قوائم النبات | أضاف: stones (2018-10-05)
مشاهده: 31 | الترتيب: 0.0/0
مجموع التعليقات: 0
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